What is Medical Record Review?
The medical record is a fine collection of one’s medical diagnoses and treatment details. To be precise, the components of a medical record include a patient’s health status, social status, occupational history, financial status, and so on. Hence the importance of medical records is immeasurable in the medical-legal and insurance sectors.
A medical record is a piece of evidence containing the accident history, injury data, diagnosis history as well as treatment history. Reviewing and analyzing a medical record is one of the vital processes in a medical-legal environment. In personal injury claims, medical records reviews help the attorneys to extract the strengths and weaknesses of the case.
There are three kinds of sample of medical records that both patients and doctors frequently use: personal medical history (PHR), digital health record (EMR) digital health record (EHR).
Legal nurse consultant reviews also help the life insurance underwriters to determine the eligibility and premium of the applicant. For calculating the life expectancy of the applicant, it is important to review medical records.
How to Review Medical Records?
Usually, medical records are voluminous, and it needs an expert to investigate. To review medical records, it is mandatory for the medical records review expert to have soft skills and subject knowledge. A medical record and review of medical records are inseparable parts of winning litigation. Reading medical records to review needs professional training.
A medical record review company offering medical record review services for law firms follows the below process model:
- Medical Records Retrieval: The law firm or insurance firm retrieves the medical records from treating healthcare providers with a valid HIPAA authorization from the applicant/claimant.
- Medical Record Analysis and Review: A physician or a legal nurse reviewer will conduct medical record reviews in an unbiased and factual manner.
- Medical Record Summarization: After the proper medical record analysis, a medical record review summary will be drafted out of the voluminous record in a specified summary format. Medical records summaries help in easy understanding of the information data contained in the medical records.
- Drafting of Special reports or Timelines: In addition to the medical record summary, supporting special reports and timeline representations can be made for a better understanding of the facts.
- Creating Navigational Properties: For quick and easy navigation, Hyperlinks or Bookmarks will be created. This helps the reader to switch between the summary and the source record very quickly.
- Quality Audit of the Medical Record Summary: A team of quality controllers will double-check the final products along with the source records. Multilevel quality audits help to prevent human errors in the medical record review report.
- Delivering the Final Products: A set of quality-checked final products will be delivered back to the client through a secured tunnel.
Now you would have to understand that the medical record review process comprises art, medical science, and obviously technical-oriented elements.
Well! Here is the list of 10 proven review techniques one must follow to review medical records. Hopefully, it will enhance your insight into the review of medical charts.
1. Understand medical and legal terminologies
Usually, medical records will not contain the words in their common usage. For instance, “Heart attack” is the common word people use to refer to heart ailments. However, in medical records, “Myocardial Infarction” or “Acute Coronary Syndrome” is the term for diagnoses used by healthcare providers.
Now your brain may knock you. Is knowledge of medical terminologies enough to review medical records?
No. You should have in-depth knowledge of the terminologies and their impacts. If you consider the above example, you may already be aware of what is Myocardial Infarction, but this alone will not help you. You must also know the causes, diagnostic studies, standard of care, treatment options, complications, and so on. Also, you should know how to filter only the relevant content from medical records.
To review medical records, the individual should have expertise in medical and legal aspects. A medical or paramedical professional with hands-on experience in a clinical setting can understand and interpret medical records way better than the non-clinical staff. Gaining knowledge of legal jargon is also crucial to working in Medical-legal Industry.
2. Know the components of the medical record and its placements
As you know, medical records are a collection of various types of reports. Understanding each of the medical record components in the voluminous record is another skill required to review medical records.
What are the components of a medical record? A patient’s visit to Emergency Room will yield a set of records that may contain an EMS report, Physician note, Nurses Note, Triage note, Radiology reports, and laboratory reports. Quick identification of each type of report is the skill of an expert medical record reviewer.
Following are the type of reports you may frequently encounter in medical charts.
- Physician notes
- Nurses record
- Operative reports and Anesthesia reports
- Therapist notes
- Radiology reports
- Prescription orders
- Hospital bills and Insurance Claim forms
- Consent forms
- Authorization requests
- Correspondence notes
- Laboratory reports
- Ambulance reports/Paramedic reports
- Accident reports
A skillful medical record reviewer will never miss out on any of the pertinent components of a medical record. A nurse or a physician who has enough exposure to medical records in their daily routines can become a medical record review expert.
Here is what a medical record looks like. Know the explain components of medical records and proceed to review.
3. Scrutinize your skillset
Hey, to read this blog post, I bet you’re from a Med-Legal background. Well, let’s talk about the skill set required for a good medical chart reviewer.
Reading and writing are the fundamental skills everyone requires to perform any type of task. Especially when you work on computer-based applications, you would need typing skills as well. Typing at a great typing speed without any error is vital to review medical records. Check your typing speed and accuracy here…
Speed Reading Skill:
Speed reading is another skill most of us are least bothered about. As a child, you would have read Apple as A.P.P.L.E, but as u grew up, you should have read as Apple (Yeah, you read that right!!). This works based on how fast your eyeballs move on from one word to another. Hence practicing speed reading can make the reviewer efficient, thereby helping him to review medical records more efficiently. Check your reading speed here…
4. Validate demographic data
So far, I have discussed the skills required to review medical records effectively. And from now on, I am going to point out how to dig deep into the medical records.
Before jumping into the medical record reviewing process, we need to validate some demographic data. This is done to verify if we are working on the right patient record. Validate the entire record using the name, DOB and SSN. This will prevent you from entering another person’s information.
5. Indexing medical records
Medical Record Indexing is nothing but date-wise entering of the list of events. Medical record indexing is one of the best practices I have seen, but only very few are following. There are some benefits that can be achieved by proper medical record indexing before processing the medical record.
Benefits of Medical Record Indexing:
- Easy organizing and sorting of medical records
- Identifying missing medical records
- Extracting the duplicate pages from the medical chart
- Calculating the estimated production hours to review medical records
- Extracting the non-workable pages from the medical chart
6. Understand the real events and fact-oriented details
In any type of med-legal case, you can witness one event triggered by another. To review medical records, following and understanding the sequence of events is necessary. As a medical record analyst, you should check the facts and fetch those details into your summary. You can even highlight the important information that is vital for the case.
For example, if you are analyzing a motor vehicle accident case, You should note the speed of the vehicle, type of collision, area of impact, people involved, vehicle involved, vehicle damage, people injured, and even the minor details in the police report and EMS reports. Without a proper understanding of the scenario and the accident history, you cannot move forward.
While reviewing inpatient medical records and emergency medical records, you should be extra cautious not to miss even a minor event. Missing such information may negatively impact the case.
7. In line with the type of output summary
You may be aware that all medical record summaries are not of the same type. There are different kinds of medical record summary outputs based on the requirement. Whichever format types of medical records you’re working on, you should be in line with the same summary format till the end. This is crucial when preparing a medical summary for law firms.
The most common types of medical records summary services are:
A well-organized Medical Chronology is a summary of healthcare events detailed in a timeline manner. The process of drafting a good medical chronology involves understanding and reading through the pages of medical records to focus on key points, interpretation, the disease progresses, diagnostics, and other information.
A well-driven Medical Narrative Summary is a running note of the plaintiff’s medical history in a narrative manner. The process highlights narrating the medical events detailed in the medical records.
A deposition summary is typically an objective, concise clerical digest of the key points of a deposition transcript. This summary identifies important points in the deposition by page and line. For litigation, it stands out to be one of the most important tools.
Demand Letter sets out to the insurance company with the strongest arguments related to why the insurance company’s insured is at fault for the claimant’s injuries; the nature and extent of the injuries suffered by the claimant; the details of all medical therapies received by the claimant; details of the loss of income, claimant’s “suffering and pain” and other subjective losses.
8. Accurate interpretation of medical short-hands
Even in this digital era, we could see a handful of handwritten medical records here and there. In handwritten files, physicians use shorthands to save time in documentation.
As a medical analyst analyzes medical records, this comes as one of the challenges. An expert medical record reviewer can crack them down easily as she/he may be aware of the shorthands from their clinical experience.
Have a look at the above references for shorthands and their interpretations.
9. Proper handling of illegible records
The reasons for illegible copies may be poor penmanship of the physician or poor photocopy of the records. Interpreting and analyzing these kinds of illegible records or handwritten medical notes are quite challenging. It needs some expert level of review knowledge and vast experience in medical record reviewing.
The main challenge here is not to misinterpret the information. For example, in a mass tort case, the dosage of Pantoprazole is seen as 4 mg (actually a zero missed out due to the poor photocopy); if you are an expert with hands-on experience, you will know that it is 40 mg, and there is no 4 mg dose available in Pantoprazole.
Tips to improve your handwritten medical record interpretation:
- Review clear and printed copies of records first
- Use widely available internet resources to cross-check and validate.
- Analyze the handwriting pattern of the physician and apply this to similar areas.
- Never misinterpret by mere assumption
- Summarize only the confirmed and verified information
- Validate the information with available, clear printed copies
10. Identify any missing medical records
The phrase “Missing record” means missing any sort of report, such as any visits, radiology reports, or any pertinent information from the received medical record.
Identifying missing records is sometimes tricky, and you should cross-check with multiple factors. Most of the time, missing medical records will spin the case scenario upside-down. Hence, fetching back the missing record is essential to review medical records without losing any vital data.
Making a note of the details of missing records with respect to dates and provider names can help the attorney/life insurance firms to retrieve the missing records.
Don’ts in Medical Records Review
Having discussed the top ten techniques to review medical records. Let us now dive into some don’ts that are to be followed in the review of medical records.
- Never share the medical data that you encounter during medical records reviews with anyone.
- The rationale behind medical record review and analysis is to strengthen the claim and not research or studies.
- The medical record review report should not be biased.
- The medical record reviewer should never miss vital medical data like clinically pertinent telephone calls, laboratory results, etc., during the medical file review.
- The medical records reviewer should not interpret any data and conduct the medical chart review process.
Following this blog, I hope you can conceptualize how to read medical records and interpret medical data reviews.
Medical record review for attorneys play an important role in personal injury, mass tort, and medical malpractice lawsuits. Obviously, there are challenges in reviewing medical records when done by a non-medical person. However, a medical record review analyst, legal nurse reviewer, or physician can approach the medical chart review in a professional way! A medical record review report prepared by expert reviewers would reflect the claimant’s damages effectively.
No doubt, outsourcing your legal medical record summarization tasks to one of the reputed medical record review companies will certainly result in precise medical record summaries. Outsourcing medical record summary services will help you save significant costs and time.
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