Thoracic scoliosis is defined as a sideways curve of the thoracic spine that is visible on a coronal imaging study. The majority of thoracic scoliosis causes are still unknown. The cause of the condition is thought to be hereditary.

Very few people develop thoracic scoliosis as a result of cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy. Mild scoliosis in children does not require treatment.

Braces can be used to straighten thoracic scoliosis in moderate to severe cases. In some cases, surgery will be a prerequisite for correcting the abnormality.